Not surprisingly, as incarceration rates have gone up dramatically in recent decades, so has spending on corrections. Overall, total state and local corrections expenditures on incarceration have quadrupled from $17 billion in 1980 to $71 billion in 2013, according to an analysis by the Department of Education.
They found that over the past three decades, state and local government spending on prisons and jails has increased about three times as fast as spending on elementary and secondary education. In New York, the prison population is 52,399, the probation population is 107,730 and the parole population is 45,039.
The state spent $3.13 billion on corrections in 2014. For your state, click through to this interactive map to see information on: the total number of people in prison, racial disparities and how much is spent on corrections each year.
In New York City, it costs an estimated $167,731 to hold a detainee per year, according to the Independent Budget Office. The Vera Institute for Justice estimates it costs $208,500 annually per detainee. Their estimate factors in spending by other city agencies on items such as jail employee benefits, health care and more.
Sources: Department of Correction, The Sentencing Project, New York City Independent Budget Office, Vera Institute for Justice